Selasa, 18 Februari 2014

Biografi of Dr KH Achmad Hasyim Muzadi

Country: Indonesia
Date of Birth: 8 August 1944
Source of Influence: Administrative, Political, Development
Influence: Leader of approximately 30 million members of the Nahdlatul Ulama

School of Thought: Traditional Sunni

18th of the 500 most influential muslims in the world
Dr KH Achmad Hasyim Muzadi is the leader of Indonesia's largest independent Muslim organization and one of the world's most influential Islamic organizations, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), or 'Awakening of Scholars'. He guides millions through his work with the NU.
Head of Expansive Network
The Nahdlatul Ulama boasts an expansive network that covers 30 regions with 339 branches, 12 special branches, 2,630 representative councils and 37,125sub-branch representative councils across Indonesia. This network practices the doctrine of Ahlassunah wal Jama'ah, which is Arabic for 'people of the Sunna (practices of the Prophet Muhammad) and the community'. They base their practices on the traditional sources of Islamic jurisprudence—mainly the Qur’an, Hadith, and major schools of law.
Among its aims are the propagation of Nahdlatul Ulama's message and also an expansion of its already extensive network of members in Indonesia. This is the basis of many of the organization's social reform efforts. With a solid structure of central and regional boards, branch and special branch boards, and various advisory councils, Muzadi sits at the top of this increasingly influential Sunni movement.
Model of Traditionalism
With a mainly rural membership base, the Nahdlatul Ulama distinguishes itself from other Islamic organizations in Indonesia by positioning itself as a premier organization of traditional Islam—with an emphasis on education and political engagement based on Islamic principles. Muzadi also speaks up against edicts of the Indonesia Ulema Council that are inconsistent with the legal leniency of Islamic law, such as the recent fatwas (religious rulings) against smoking, and a subsequent proscription against Facebook.
Social Servant
The Nahdlatul Ulama has made substantial charitable contributions to Indonesian society in the fields of educational development, healthcare, and poverty alleviation. Although Muzadi stresses that the work of his organization is geared toward establishing a secular nation-state based on a body of modern and moderate Muslims; his agenda items—such as anti-corruption laws and social reform measures—are deeply rooted in Islamic principles.

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